Write an essay of atleast 250 words for all 6 questions and
2 case studies as well.
1. Define the three energy pathways. For each pathway, identify two exercises that utilize the pathway. If you were training to run a marathon, which pathway would be the focal point of your training? What types of activities would you incorporate into your marathon training and why? How will an understanding of energy pathways help you in your future training endeavors?
2. Perform a chin-up (palms supinated) and determine which muscles are the prime movers, stabilizers, and synergists. Is there a difference with a pull-up (palms pronated)? If so, what are the differences? Do as many chin-ups as possible. Which muscles inhibit your ability to perform more repetitions? What does this say about the chin-up as an effective exercise for the latissimus dorsi? List as many variations of pull-ups and chin-ups as possible. Describe how what you have learned during this experience will help you in your future training.
3. Perform at least one exercise for each major muscle group on a stability ball. On another day, perform the same exercises in a stationary position (i.e., not on a stability ball.) Report the following. List the exercises you performed. Were you able to use the same weight on the stability ball? If not, why do you think you could not use as much resistance? What populations would benefit from stability ball training? Are there certain individuals who should not use a stability ball? How will this learning experience and the knowledge you have gained from it help you in your future training endeavors?
4. Take your blood pressure and the blood pressure of someone else. List both the systole and diastole. Define systole, diastole, and list the ranges of excellent, good, fair, and poor. Do you see any correlations between blood pressure and lifestyle, stress level, or activity level? How will you incorporate knowledge of blood pressure into your future training endeavors?
5. Identify an individual currently on an intermittent fasting diet, another who is on a gluten-free diet, and someone else on the Paleo diet. Critically analyze their dieting experience(s) and compare/contrast them with your own. Evaluate each in light of the most recently known science and practical experience. Would you recommend any of these diets or any other structured diet to a future client? If so, list the diet and describe how would you determine its appropriateness for a client. If you would not recommend any of these or other structured diets, detail why.
6. Search online for “free medline.” You will probably find several websites that offer this feature. Search for research abstracts on “cancer and exercise.” Review at least six abstracts (articles no more than five years old). Based on the conclusions of these studies, how beneficial is regular exercise for cancer patients? How would you market your services to clients that have cancer? Be sure to cite your work.
Expert Solution Preview
Introduction: As a medical professor, it is my responsibility to design and conduct lectures, evaluate student performance, and provide feedback through examinations and assignments. In this assignment, I have created questions on various topics related to exercise and nutrition. Here are my answers to the content provided.
1. The three energy pathways are the phosphagen system, glycolytic system, and oxidative system. Phosphagen system utilizes creatine phosphate as a source of energy and lasts for about 10 seconds. Two exercises that use this pathway are powerlifting and short sprints. Glycolytic system utilizes glucose to produce energy and lasts for about 2 minutes. Two exercises that use this pathway are high-intensity interval training and middle-distance running. Oxidative system utilizes oxygen to produce energy and lasts for more than 2 minutes. Two exercises that use this pathway are long-distance running and cycling. If training for a marathon, the oxidative system would be the main focus. Activities such as long-distance running and cycling would be incorporated into the training due to their ability to train the oxidative system. Understanding energy pathways can help in designing appropriate workouts for specific training goals.
2. The prime mover muscles during a chin-up (palms supinated) are the biceps and latissimus dorsi while the stabilizers are the upper back muscles and core. The synergists are the forearms and brachialis. With a pull-up (palms pronated), the prime movers are the back muscles, biceps, and forearm muscles. The stabilizers are the core and biceps, and the synergists are the triceps. During chin-ups, the biceps may inhibit the ability to perform more repetitions. This indicates that chin-ups are an effective exercise for the biceps and latissimus dorsi muscles. Variations of pull-ups and chin-ups include wide grip, narrow grip, mixed grip, and behind the neck grip. Learning the muscle recruitment during chin-ups and pull-ups can help in designing appropriate workouts for specific muscle groups.
3. The stability ball exercises performed were stability ball push-ups, stability ball hamstring curls, and stability ball squats. The same weight could not be used on the stability ball as it requires more stabilization muscles to be engaged. Populations that would benefit from stability ball training are those who need to improve their balance and core stability. Individuals with balance issues or injuries may not be able to use unstable surfaces such as a stability ball. Knowledge gained from this learning experience can help in designing appropriate exercises based on the individual’s needs.
4. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure were measured. Systole is the contraction phase of the heart while diastole is the relaxation phase. Normal ranges for blood pressure are 120/80 mmHg, while excellent, good, fair, and poor ranges vary based on individual circumstances. Blood pressure can be affected by lifestyle, stress levels, and activity levels. Incorporating knowledge of blood pressure can help in designing appropriate exercises for individuals with high or low blood pressure.
5. Intermittent fasting, gluten-free, and Paleo diets were evaluated based on the most recent scientific evidence. Intermittent fasting has shown some benefits in terms of weight loss and improving metabolic health. Gluten-free diets are recommended for individuals with celiac disease or non-celiac gluten sensitivity. The Paleo diet is based on the hunter-gatherer diet and has shown some benefits in terms of weight loss and improving metabolic health. Recommending a structured diet would depend on the individual’s needs and goals.
6. Regular exercise has been shown to have significant benefits for cancer patients, including reducing fatigue and improving quality of life. Marketing services to clients with cancer would require specialized knowledge of the individual’s needs and limitations. It would be important to emphasize the benefits of exercise and its role in complementary cancer care.
Conclusion: Understanding various topics related to exercise and nutrition can help in designing appropriate exercises and dietary recommendations based on the individual’s needs and goals. It is important to rely on the most recent scientific evidence and individual circumstances when formulating recommendations.