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PUB 650 NYU Week 4 Patient Protection and Affordable Act Bill Presentation

IMPORTANT NOTE REGARDING WORD LIMIT REQUIREMENTS:

Please note that each and every assignment has its own word limit.

The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (most often referred to as the Affordable Care Act or ACA) is the largest piece of federal health legislation of the last 50 years in the United States and has had widespread impact on health insurance and health care delivery. The ACA was signed into law in 2010 by President Barack Obama, and implementation of the ACA has been an ongoing, dynamic process met by opposition and challenges. For this assignment, create a presentation that outlines the past, current, and future of the ACA. In a presentation of 10-15 slides, address the following:

  • Briefly outline the process by which the Affordable Care Act became law. Include a timeline of key milestones.
  • Articulate competing viewpoints of the ACA, including supporting evidence for each viewpoint.
  • Describe successful and unsuccessful attempts to challenge the ACA since its passage, including grounds for appeal and repeal attempts.
  • Analyze the current impact of the ACA on Medicaid, Medicare, and CHIP/SCHIP.
  • Describe future issues, needs associated with the ACA by key stakeholders including health care providers, insurers, employers, the government, and the public.
  • Make recommendations for improvement of the ACA, including supporting evidence for recommendations.

Include a title slide, references slide, and speaker notes in your presentation.

General Requirements

You are required to cite at least SIX sources to complete this assignment. Sources must be published within the last 5 years and appropriate for the discussion question criteria and public health content.

Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide. An abstract is not required.

While APA style is required, solid academic writing is expected as well, and documentation of sources should be presented using APA formatting guidelines.

This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

PLEASE make sure APA citation and permalink for articles are complete and correct.


PLEASE add the links/sites below to the reference list if you use any of these readings and make sure everything is in proper APA format.

Read Chapters 6 and 10 in Essentials of Health Policy and Law. Review 11.

URL:

Read “Effect of the Affordable Care Act on Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health Insurance Coverage,” by Buchmueller, Levinson, Levy, and Wolfe, from American Journal of Public Health (2016).

URL:

Read “Early Effects of the Affordable Care Act on Health Care Access, Risky Health Behaviors, and Self-Assessed Health,” by Courtemanche, Marton, Ukert, Yelowitz, and Zapata, from Southern Economic Journal (2018).

URL:

Read “Local Television News Coverage of the Affordable Care Act: Emphasizing Politics Over Consumer Information,” by Gollust, Baum, Niederdeppe, Barry, and Fowler, from American Journal of Public Health (2017).

URL:

Read “Health: Policy or Law? A Population-Based Analysis of the Supreme Court’s ACA Cases,” by Parmet, from Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (2016).

URL:

Read “Making Health Care Truly Affordable After Health Care Reform,” by Stoltzfus Jost and Pollack, from Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics (2016).

URL:

Read “Public Health and Public Trust: Survey Evidence From the Ebola Virus Disease Epidemic in Liberia,” by Blair, Morse, and Tsai, from Social Science and Medicine (2017).

URL:

Read “Enrollment and Disenrollment Experiences of Families Covered by CHIP,” by Trenholm, Harrington, and Dye, from Academic Pediatrics (2015).

URL:

Read “Government’s Role in Protecting Health and Safety,” by Frieden, from New England Journal of Medicine (2013).

URL:

Read “Public Health Ethics and Law,” by Gostin and Wiley, located on The Hastings Center website.

URL:

Read “Summary of the Affordable Care Act” (2013), located on the Kaiser Family Foundation website.

URL:

Explore te ACA Repeal Debate page of The Commonwealth Fund website.

URL:

MUST haveat least 5 citations with the page numbers and 5 references in APA format.(The List of References should not be older than 2017 and should not be included in the word count.) Include at least one scholarly reference and appropriate in-text citations and Address all points on the DQ. One point will be deducted for not addressing each item mentioned above. Remember that presenting someone else’s work as your own is plagiarism.

Be sure to support your postings and responses with specific references to the Learning Resources.

It is important that you cover all the topics identified in the assignment. Covering the topic does not mean mentioning the topic BUT presenting an explanation from the context of ethics and the readings for this class

I am a stickler for good organization in everything. I do not want to have to dig for your answers. For instance, if an assignment asks you to provide three examples of something, I suggest that you number them 1-3 so I can find them easily. I also expect that when you submit something as a narrative, you pay attention to how you organize your thoughts: use paragraphs with a topic sentence and supporting sentences; and change paragraphs whenever you introduce a new idea. Also, if there are multiple parts to an assignment, use sub-heads within the paper to organize them.

To get maximum points you need to follow the requirements listed for this assignments 1) look at the word/page limits 2) review and follow APA rules 3) create subheadings to identify the key sections you are presenting and 4) Free from typographical and sentence construction errors.

REMEMBER IN APA FORMAT JOURNAL TITLES AND VOLUME NUMBERS ARE ITALICIZED.

References

American Psychological Association. Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (7th Ed.). Washington, DC: Author.

Expert Solution Preview

Introduction:

The Affordable Care Act (ACA) is one of the most significant pieces of federal legislation in the United States that has largely impacted health insurance and healthcare delivery. As a medical professor, it’s crucial to create assignments and provide answers that cover all aspects of the ACA. In this presentation, we’ll outline the past, current, and future of the ACA, including the process by which it became law, competing viewpoints, successful and unsuccessful attempts to challenge the ACA, current impact, future needs associated with ACA, and recommendations for improvement.

Answer:

The Affordable Care Act passed after a complicated and lengthy legislative process. The ACA proposed health reform and has since been debated as one of the most significant changes in healthcare in the country. Here we present a timeline of key milestones:

Timeline:

– March 2010: Signed into law by President Barack Obama.
– June 20, 2012: Supreme Court upholds the ACA as constitutional.
– October 1, 2013: Health insurance Marketplaces open to the public.
– January 1, 2014: Major provisions of the ACA go into effect.
– November 2015: Repeal legislation begins to be introduced.

Competing viewpoints of the ACA:

The ACA has been widely viewed as a controversial piece of legislation. On one hand, supporters argue that it provides more affordable insurance for those who need it most and guarantees coverage for people with pre-existing conditions. On the other hand, opponents argue that it creates higher costs and leads to lower quality healthcare. Here are a few examples of competing viewpoints with supporting evidence:

Viewpoint 1: The ACA has been successful in reducing the number of uninsured people and improving healthcare access:

Evidence: According to recent statistics from the Census Bureau, the uninsured rate fell from 16.3% in 2010 to 8.8% in 2018. Additionally, the ACA has provisions that help individuals gain access to preventative care and other benefits.

Viewpoint 2: The ACA has led to higher insurance premiums and reduced coverage:

Evidence: Some studies have shown that insurance premiums have increased since the implementation of the ACA. These higher premiums lead to some people being unable to afford insurance, which leads to reduced coverage.

Challenges to the ACA:

Since the ACA was signed into law, many legal challenges have been attempted. Here are a few examples of successful and unsuccessful attempts to challenge the ACA:

– 2012: The Supreme Court upholds the constitutionality of the ACA’s individual mandate.
– 2018: The Trump administration tries to repeal the ACA’s individual mandate through the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act.
– 2020: The Supreme Court hears arguments about whether the ACA is unconstitutional.

Current impact of the ACA:

The ACA has had a significant impact on Medicaid, Medicare, and CHIP/SCHIP (Children’s Health Insurance Program/State Children’s Health Insurance Program). Here’s a brief analysis of its current impact:

– Medicaid: The ACA expanded Medicaid eligibility, which has helped millions of low-income people gain health insurance coverage.
– Medicare: Because of the ACA, Medicare beneficiaries have gained access to more preventive services without being charged cost-sharing fees.
– CHIP/SCHIP: The ACA provided funding for the program and increased eligibility for children to receive health insurance.

Future issues and needs associated with the ACA:

The ACA still faces challenges in the years ahead, and it’s important to identify the needs of all stakeholders associated with it. Here are some challenges that need to be addressed in the future:

– Need for cost containment
– Need for affordable healthcare
– Need for more robust insurance options for people living in rural areas

Recommendations for improvement of the ACA:

To improve the ACA, it’s essential to address its flaws and make recommendations. Here are a few suggestions:

– Provide more financial incentives for people to purchase insurance.
– Provide more comprehensive healthcare benefits.
– Increase the number of providers involved in health maintenance and healthcare delivery.

Conclusion:

In conclusion, the Affordable Care Act is a critical piece of legislation that has impacted health insurance and healthcare delivery in significant ways. There have been successes and challenges over the years, and more needs to be done to improve the ACA for the future. We must address the needs of key stakeholders, and to achieve this, we must make recommendations for improvement.

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