Pelvic pain can be acute or chronic and can be caused by any number of conditions. In primary care, nurse practitioners should be able to outline the basic approach to initial evaluation of and management of these disorders.
As you have learned in this unit there are many causes of pelvic pain. Select one of the causes of pelvic pain and describe the symptoms. Why and who would you refer this patient to for consultation? What are the steps to writing a referral and what is the NP’s responsibility for follow up?
Expert Solution Preview
Pelvic pain is a common condition that can be acute or chronic and caused by a variety of factors. Nurse practitioners play an important role in the initial evaluation and management of pelvic pain disorders in primary care. In this unit, we have learned about the different causes of pelvic pain and how to approach their evaluation and management.
One of the causes of pelvic pain is endometriosis, which is a condition where the tissue that normally lines the inside of the uterus grows outside of it. The symptoms of endometriosis include painful menstrual periods, pain during sex, infertility, and gastrointestinal symptoms such as bloating and constipation. This condition can be challenging to diagnose, and patients with suspected endometriosis should be referred to a gynecologist with expertise in this field.
To write a referral for a patient with suspected endometriosis, the nurse practitioner should include the patient’s medical history, a summary of the symptoms, and any relevant diagnostic tests such as imaging or blood work. The referral should also include the reason for the referral and any other pertinent information such as the patient’s insurance information.
The nurse practitioner’s responsibility for follow-up after the referral is to ensure that the patient has scheduled and attended the consultation with the specialist. The nurse practitioner should also follow up with the patient after the consultation to discuss the specialist’s recommendations and any further management or treatment plans.