Choose one of the following cases and provide its legal analysis:
The process of legal analysis, i.e. the Issue-Rule-Analysis-Conclusion format, is the analysis which all lawyers are use. It should be emphasized that this type of analysis is not limited solely to legal analysis. It can (and should) be applied in any situation in which a knowledgeable person attempts to apply that knowledge to a specific life experience. The following description of the I-R-A-C process may be helpful:
In the I-R-A-C process the student is required to do the following:
A. Issue: Identify the question which best addresses the problem posed by the facts presented
(There should be a direct link between the question raised in the Issue and the general “rule” set out in the Rule. For example, if you think the facts presented raise a question whether one party made an “offer” to the other party, the Issue could be stated, “Did X make an offer to Y?”)
B. Rule: Identify and state the legal rule(s) verbatim (word-for-word) from the text which apply in the situation or fact pattern given.
(Again, there should be a direct link between the question raised in the Issue and the general “rule” set out in the Rule. For example, if you have asked in the Issue, “Did X make an offer to Y?” , then your Rule would be a definition of an offer, page 225:
“Under the common law, three elements are necessary for an offer to be effective:
“1. The offeror must have a serious intention to become bound by the offer.
“2. The terms of the offer must be reasonably certain, or definite so that the parties and the court can ascertain the terms of the contract.
“3. The offer must be communicated by the offeror to the offeree, resulting in the offeree’s knowledge of the offer.”)
C. Application: Apply the legal rule(s) you identified to the given fact pattern. Your analysis should proceed in a step-by-step logical fashion and connect each point raised in the rule to the facts given in the fact pattern.
(You want to use the words in the Rule to shape your discussion in the Application. You would want to identify who in the facts presented is: the “offeror”, “terms of the offer”, “parties”, and “ offeree”. Those connections are relatively easy to do. In addition, however, you would want to explain why you think: the offeror had “ serious intention to become bound”; the terms are “reasonably certain, or definite so that the parties and the court can ascertain the terms of the contract”; and the “offer” was communicated. These connections require developing the habit of explaining your thinking fully and clearly.
D. Conclusion Make a conclusion based upon your analysis. Be sure that your conclusion is logically supported by your analysis (There is no need to repeat what you have already said in the Application. The best Conclusion is a one word answer to the question raised in the Issue – yes or no.)
Each legal analysis should shortly discuss and match the given case with the related theory and provide answers to the questions asked at the end of the case
IRAC format means: I-what is the main issue of the case? discuss; R-reasoning: why would you solve the case the way you have provided, what are the answers to the questions asked; A-analysis; C-conclusion: wrap up main knowledge learnt from this case